Amazon Breaks Through

Surprise, surprise. Amazon did it. They made a profit. In late 2000, CEO Jeff
Bezos promised he would deliver earnings by the fourth quarter of 2001. Well,
the reporting is in and he delivered, against all street predictions. Amazon
reported net profit of $5 million with an operating profit of $59 million.
That’s real money. Overall sales hit $1.1 billion, giving the company its
first billion-dollar quarter. Amazon still carries $2.2 billion in debt, but
who’s counting. Fact is, the Amazon made the Internet model work on a large
and significant level.

Amazon delivered its profits the old fashioned way, by increasing sales and
cutting down expenses. The company revamping its distribution in order to
ship 35 percent more products without additional workers. For the forth
quarter, the sales rose 15 percent while fulfillment costs shrank 22 million.
Amazon also consolidated its shipping to save costs.

Perhaps the most important change came as Amazon decided to focus on its core
expertise, books, music and video sales, a niche that has delivered
profitability to the company for many quarters. That doesn’t mean Amazon
isn’t interested in selling toys, household goods or electronics. But during
2001, Amazon shifted much of that business to partnerships it forged with
brick retailers such as Toys ‘R’ Us and Target.

Amazon, it seems, is one the smartest Internet retailers. The company has
learned a bit about offline retailing operations. They created efficiencies
in their warehousing, fulfillment and shipping while focusing on a niche.
This is a lesson for K-Mart, the mammoth retailer that filed for bankruptcy
protection on the very day Amazon reported its first profit.

If you add Amazon’s breakthrough to the good news that came from the 2001
Internet holiday season, you can expect the venture community will take a new
look at ecommerce this year, especially when the economy begins to pick up
speed. If the spring of 2000 was the end of the first big Internet surge, the
spring of 2002 may beginning of ecommerce phase two. Actually, it will be
more like Internet phase three, as the Internet did have a small mid-1990s
commercial surge dominated by porn and get-rich-quick purveyors.

The dot com crash blew away hundreds of ill-thought-out business models.
Those left alive have a revitalized chance for success this year. The growth
of the Internet didn’t pause through this recession. More people are online,
more people are using high-speed connectivity, and more people are buying
online. Even Internet ad sales grew through the downturn, which is quite
remarkable considering that an offline ad depression has delivered a body
blow to print and broadcast media companies.

By Haadi